Vladimir Miholjević

Vladimir Miholjević (* 18. Januar 1974 in Zagreb) ist ein ehemaliger kroatischer Radrennfahrer.

Vladimir Miholjević begann seine Karriere 1997 bei dem slowenischen Radsport-Team KRKA-Telekom Slovenije. 1998, 2000 und 2012 wurde er kroatischer Landesmeister im Straßenrennen, 2012 zudem im Einzelzeitfahren. 2000 gewann er die Tour du Doubs. 2002 wechselte er zu dem italienischen Rennstall Alessio, bestritt 2003 seinen einzigen Tourstart und belegte Platz 50 how to make homemade meat tenderizer, beim Giro d’Italia ging er acht Mal am Start. Von 2005 bis 2009 fuhr Miholjević für das ProTour-Team Liquigas.

Ende der Saison 2012 beendete Miholjević seine Karriere, nachdem er zum dritten Mal nationaler Straßenmeister geworden war.

1998

2000

1998, 2000, 2012 Vladimir Miholjević&nbsp ladies running belt;| 1999 Martin Čotar | 2001, 2006 Hrvoje Miholjević | 2002 Massimo Demarin | 2003, 2010, 2014, 2016 Radoslav Rogina&nbsp takeya glass bottle;| 2004, 2007, 2008 Tomislav Dančulović | 2005 Matija Kvasina | 2009, 2011 Kristijan Đurasek | 2013 Robert Kišerlovski | 2015 Emanuel Kišerlovski | 2017 Josip Rumac

60e parallèle sud

En géographie, le 60e parallèle sud est le parallèle joignant les points de la surface de la Terre dont la latitude est égale à 60° sud.

Dans le système géodésique WGS 84, au niveau de 60° de latitude sud, un degré de longitude équivaut à 55,8 km ; la longueur totale du parallèle est donc de 20 088 km, soit environ la moitié de celle de l’équateur. Il en est distant de 6&nbsp 1 liter glass bottle;654 km et du pôle Sud de 3 348 km.

Le 60e parallèle sud ne coupe aucune terre émergée thermos bottle price. En débutant par 0° de longitude et en se dirigeant vers l’est, le parallèle suit successivement :

Le 60e parallèle coupe entre autres le passage de Drake en son milieu. La terre la plus proche du parallèle est water bottle fanny pack running, au nord, l’île Thule dans les îles Sandwich du Sud (59° 27′ S, à 60 km), et au sud un ensemble d’îlots au large de l’île du Couronnement, dans les Orcades du Sud (60° 31′ S, à 55 km).

En marine, la zone du 60e&nbsp fanny pack for running;parallèle sud est parfois nommée 60e sifflants, ou 60e hurlants (par analogie avec les 50e hurlants), ou encore 60e glacés à cause des icebergs et même parfois 60e stridents à cause du manque de terres.

La navigation au sud de ce parallèle est peu fréquente. Le premier navigateur connu à l’avoir franchi est James Cook, descendu jusqu’au sud du 70e parallèle en 1773, lors de sa deuxième expédition. Dans les compétitions de navigation à la voile autour du monde, on peut citer l’expérience de Philippe Monnet, descendu jusqu’au 65e parallèle sud lors de son tour du monde à l’envers en 2000 (entouré d’icebergs, il fut contraint de remonter vers le nord alors qu’il souhaitait descendre jusqu’au 70e parallèle), ou encore celle de Jean-Luc Van Den Heede, descendu jusqu’à 62° S lors du Vendée Globe 1989-1990 où il fut entouré de glaces et quasiment contraint à faire demi-tour.

Le 60e parallèle sud a été choisi comme frontière nord de l’océan Antarctique, ainsi que de l’Antarctique telle que définie dans le Traité sur l’Antarctique : toute terre qui est située plus au sud est considérée, selon ce traité, comme faisant partie de l’Antarctique.

Cette délimitation est relativement arbitraire : en pratique, la latitude de la convergence antarctique — zone où se rencontrent les eaux froides antarctiques et les eaux plus chaudes des régions sub-antarctiques — varie suivant la longitude entre 48° et 61°.

Jujutsu

Jujutsu (/dʒuːˈdʒuːtsuː/ joo-JOOT-soo; Japanese: 柔術, jūjutsu  listen ) is a Japanese martial art and a method of close combat for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon or only a short weapon.

“Jū” can be translated to mean “gentle, soft, supple, flexible, pliable, or yielding.” “Jutsu” can be translated to mean “art” or “technique” and represents manipulating the opponent’s force against himself rather than confronting it with one’s own force. Jujutsu developed to combat the samurai of feudal Japan as a method for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon, or only a short weapon. Because striking against an armored opponent proved ineffective, practitioners learned that the most efficient methods for neutralizing an enemy took the form of pins, joint locks, and throws. These techniques were developed around the principle of using an attacker’s energy against him, rather than directly opposing it.

There are many variations of the art, which leads to a diversity of approaches. Jujutsu schools (ryū) may utilize all forms of grappling techniques to some degree (i.e. throwing, trapping, joint locks, holds, gouging, biting, disengagements, striking, and kicking). In addition to jujutsu, many schools teach the use of weapons. Today, jujutsu is practiced in both traditional and modern sports forms. Derived sport forms include the Olympic sport and martial art of judo, which was developed by Kanō Jigorō in the late 19th century from several traditional styles of jujutsu, and Brazilian jiu-jitsu, which was derived from earlier (pre–World War II) versions of Kodokan judo.

Jujutsu, the current standard spelling, is derived using the Hepburn romanization system. Before the first half of the 20th century, however, Jiu-Jitsu and Ju-Jitsu were preferred, even though the romanization of the second kanji as Jitsu is unfaithful to the standard Japanese pronunciation. Since Japanese martial arts first became widely known of in the West in that time period, these earlier spellings are still common in many places. Ju-Jitsu is still a common spelling in France, Canada, and the United Kingdom while Jiu-Jitsu is most widely used in Germany and Brazil.

Some define jujutsu and similar arts rather narrowly as “unarmed” close combat systems used to defeat or control an enemy who is similarly unarmed. Basic methods of attack include hitting or striking, thrusting or punching, kicking, throwing, pinning or immobilizing, strangling, and joint locking. Great pains were also taken by the bushi (classic warriors) to develop effective methods of defense, including parrying or blocking strikes, thrusts and kicks, receiving throws or joint locking techniques (i.e., falling safely and knowing how to “blend” to neutralize a technique’s effect), releasing oneself from an enemy’s grasp, and changing or shifting one’s position to evade or neutralize an attack. As jujutsu is a collective term, some schools or ryu adopted the principle of ju more than others.

From a broader point of view, based on the curricula of many of the classical Japanese arts themselves, however, these arts may perhaps be more accurately defined as unarmed methods of dealing with an enemy who was armed, together with methods of using minor weapons such as the jutte (truncheon; also called jitter), tantō (knife), or Kaku shi buki (hidden weapons), such as the ryofundo kusari (weighted chain) or the bankokuchoki (a type of knuckle-duster), to defeat both armed or unarmed opponents.

Furthermore, the term jujutsu was also sometimes used to refer to tactics for infighting used with the warrior’s major weapons: katana or tachi (sword), yari (spear), naginata (glaive), and jo (short staff), bo (quarterstaff). These close combat methods were an important part of the different martial systems that were developed for use on the battlefield. They can be generally characterized as either Sengoku Jidai (Sengoku Period, 1467–1603) katchu bu Jutsu or yoroi kumiuchi (fighting with weapons or grappling while clad in armor), or Edo Jidai (Edo Period, 1603–1867) suhada bu Jutsu (fighting while dressed in the normal street clothing of the period, kimono and hakama).

The Chinese character 柔 (Mandarin: róu; Japanese: ; Korean: ) is the same as the first one in 柔道/judo (Mandarin: róudào; Japanese: jūdō; Korean: Yudo). The Chinese character 術 (Mandarin: shù; Japanese: jutsu; Korean: sul) is the same as the second one in 武術 (Mandarin: wǔshù; Japanese: bujutsu; Korean: musul).

Jujutsu first began during the Sengoku period of the Muromachi period combining various Japanese martial arts which were used on the battlefield for close combat in situations where weapons were ineffective. In contrast to the neighbouring nations of China and Okinawa whose martial arts were centered around striking techniques, Japanese hand-to-hand combat forms focused heavily upon throwing, immobilizing, joint locks and choking as striking techniques were ineffective towards someone wearing armor on the battlefield. The original forms of jujutsu such as Takenouchi-ryū also extensively taught parrying and counterattacking long weapons such as swords or spears via a dagger or other small weapons.

In the early 17th century during the Edo period, jujutsu would continue to evolve due to the strict laws which were imposed by the Tokugawa shogunate to reduce war as influenced by the Chinese social philosophy of Neo-Confucianism which was obtained during Hideyoshi’s invasions of Korea and spread throughout Japan via scholars such as Fujiwara Seika. During this new ideology weapons and armor became unused decorative items, so hand-to-hand combat flourished as a form of self-defense and new techniques were created to adapt to the changing situation of unarmored opponents. This included the development of various striking techniques in jujutsu which expanded upon the limited striking previously found in jujutsu which targeted vital areas above the shoulders such as the eyes, throat, and back of the neck. However towards the 18th century the number of striking techniques was severely reduced as they were considered less effective and exert too much energy; instead striking in jujutsu primarily became used as a way to distract the opponent or to unbalance him in the lead up to a joint lock, strangle or throw.

During the same period the numerous jujutsu schools would challenge each other to duels which became a popular pastime for warriors under a peaceful unified government, from these challenges randori was created to practice without risk of breaking the law and the various styles of each school evolved from combating each other without intention to kill.

The term jūjutsu was not coined until the 17th century, after which time it became a blanket term for a wide variety of grappling-related disciplines and techniques. Prior to that time, these skills had names such as “short sword grappling” (小具足腰之廻, kogusoku koshi no mawari), “grappling” (組討 or 組打, kumiuchi), “body art” (体術, taijutsu), “softness” (柔 or 和, yawara), “art of harmony” (和術, wajutsu, yawarajutsu), “catching hand” (捕手, torite), and even the “way of softness” (柔道, jūdō) (as early as 1724, almost two centuries before Kanō Jigorō founded the modern art of Kodokan Judo).

Today, the systems of unarmed combat that were developed and practiced during the Muromachi period (1333–1573) are referred to collectively as Japanese old-style jujutsu (日本古流柔術, Nihon koryū jūjutsu). At this period in history, the systems practiced were not systems of unarmed combat, but rather means for an unarmed or lightly armed warrior to fight a heavily armed and armored enemy on the battlefield. In battle, it was often impossible for a samurai to use his long sword or polearm, and would, therefore, be forced to rely on his short sword, dagger, or bare hands. When fully armored, the effective use of such “minor” weapons necessitated the employment of grappling skills.

Methods of combat (as mentioned above) included striking (kicking and punching), throwing (body throws, joint lock throws, unbalance throws), restraining (pinning, strangling, grappling, wrestling) and weaponry. Defensive tactics included blocking, evading, off-balancing, blending and escaping. Minor weapons such as the tantō (knife), ryofundo kusari (weighted chain), kabuto wari (helmet breaker), and Kaku shi buki (secret or disguised weapons) were almost always included in Sengoku jujutsu.

In later times, other koryu developed into systems more familiar to the practitioners of Nihon jujutsu commonly seen today. These are correctly classified as Edo jūjutsu (founded during the Edo period): they are generally designed to deal with opponents neither wearing armor nor in a battlefield environment. Most systems of Edo jujutsu include extensive use of atemi waza (vital-striking technique), which would be of little use against an armored opponent on a battlefield.[original research?] They would, however, be quite valuable in confronting an enemy or opponent during peacetime dressed in normal street attire (referred to as “suhada bujutsu”). Occasionally, inconspicuous weapons such as tantō (daggers) or tessen (iron fans) were included in the curriculum of Edo jūjutsu.

Another seldom-seen historical side is a series of techniques originally included in both Sengoku and Edo jujutsu systems. Referred to as Hojo waza (捕縄術 hojojutsu, Tori Nawa Jutsu, nawa Jutsu, hayanawa and others), it involves the use of a hojo cord, (sometimes the sageo or tasuke) to restrain or strangle an attacker. These techniques have for the most part faded from use in modern times, but Tokyo police units still train in their use and continue to carry a hojo cord in addition to handcuffs. The very old Takenouchi-ryu is one of the better-recognized systems that continue extensive training in hojo waza. Since the establishment of the Meiji period with the abolishment of the Samurai and the wearing of swords, the ancient tradition of Yagyu Shingan Ryu (Sendai and Edo lines) has focused much towards the jujutsu (Yawara) contained in its syllabus.

Many other legitimate Nihon jujutsu Ryu exist but are not considered koryu (ancient traditions). These are called either Gendai Jujutsu or modern jujutsu. Modern jujutsu traditions were founded after or towards the end of the Tokugawa period (1868) when more than 2000 schools (ryu) of jūjutsu existed. Various traditional ryu and ryuha that are commonly thought of as koryu jujutsu are actually gendai jūjutsu. Although modern in formation, very few gendai jujutsu systems have direct historical links to ancient traditions and are incorrectly referred to as traditional martial systems or ryu. Their curriculum reflects an obvious bias towards Edo jūjutsu systems as opposed to the Sengoku jūjutsu systems. The improbability of confronting an armor-clad attacker is the reason for this bias.

Over time, Gendai jujutsu has been embraced by law enforcement officials worldwide and continues to be the foundation for many specialized systems used by police. Perhaps the most famous of these specialized police systems is the Keisatsujutsu (police art) Taiho jutsu (arresting art) system formulated and employed by the Tokyo Police Department.

Jujutsu techniques have been the basis for many military unarmed combat techniques (including British/US/Russian special forces and SO1 police units) for many years. Since the early 1900s, every military service in the world has an unarmed combat course that has been founded on the principal teachings of Jujutsu.

There are many forms of sports jujutsu, the original and most popular being judo, now an Olympic sport. One of the most common is mixed-style competitions, where competitors apply a variety of strikes, throws, and holds to score points. There are also kata competitions, where competitors of the same style perform techniques and are judged on their performance. There are also freestyle competitions, where competitors take turns attacking each other, and the defender is judged on performance. Another more recent form of competition growing much more popular in Europe is the Random Attack form of competition, which is similar to Randori but more formalized.

The word Jujutsu can be broken down into two parts. “Ju” is a concept. The idea behind this meaning of Ju is “to be gentle”, “to give way”, “to yield”, “to blend”, “to move out of harm’s way”. “Jutsu” is the principle or “the action” part of Ju-Jutsu. In Japanese this word means science or art.

Japanese jujutsu systems typically emphasize more on throwing, pinning, and joint-locking techniques as compared with martial arts such as karate, which rely more on striking techniques. Striking techniques were seen as less important in most older Japanese systems because of the protection of samurai body armor and were used as set-ups for their grappling techniques. However, many modern-day jujutsu schools include striking, both as a set-up for further techniques or as a stand-alone action.

In jujutsu, practitioners train in the use of many potentially fatal moves. However, because students mostly train in a non-competitive environment, the risk is minimized. Students are taught break falling skills to allow them to safely practice otherwise dangerous throws.

Because jujutsu contains so many facets, it has become the foundation for a variety of styles and derivations today. As each instructor incorporated new techniques and tactics into what was taught to him originally, he could codify and create his own ryu (school) or Federation to help other instructors, schools, and clubs best lemon press. Some of these schools modified the source material so much that they no longer considered themselves a style of jujutsu.

In around 1600 there were over 2000 Japanese jujutsu ryū, and common features characterized most of them. Specific technical characteristics varied from school to school. Many of the generalizations noted above do not hold true for some schools of jujutsu. Old schools of Japanese jujutsu include:

Some examples of martial arts that have developed from or have been influenced by jujutsu are: aikido, bartitsu, hapkido, judo (and thence Brazilian jiu-jitsu and sambo), kajukenbo, krav maga, kapap, pangamot, and kenpo.

Some schools also went on to influence modern Japanese karate. A major Japanese divergence occurred in 1905 when a number of jujutsu schools joined the Kodokan. The relationships between schools and styles can be complex. For example, the Wado-ryu school of karate is partially descended from Shindō Yōshin-ryū jujutsu, itself in turn influenced by Okinawan karate.

Aikido is a modern martial art developed in the 1910s and 1930s by Morihei Ueshiba from the system of Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu techniques to focus on the spiritual principle of harmony which distinguishes Budō from Bujutsu. Ueshiba was an accomplished student of Takeda Sokaku. Aikido is a systemic refinement of defensive techniques from Aiki-Jujutsu in ways that are intended to prevent harm to either the attacker or the defender. Aikido evolved much during Ueshiba’s lifetime, so earlier styles (such as Yoshinkan) are more like the original Aiki-Jujutsu than ones (such as Ki-Aikido) that more resemble the techniques and philosophy that Ueshiba stressed towards the end of his life.

Jujutsu was first introduced to Europe in 1898 by Edward William Barton-Wright, who had studied Tenjin Shinyō-ryū and Shinden Fudo Ryu in Yokohama and Kobe. He also trained briefly at the Kodokan in Tokyo. Upon returning to England he folded the basics of all of these styles, as well as boxing, savate, and forms of stick fighting, into an eclectic self-defence system called Bartitsu.

Modern judo is the classic example of a sport that derived from jujutsu and became distinct. Many who study judo believe as Kano did, that judo is not a sport but a self-defense system creating a pathway towards peace and universal harmony. Another layer removed, some popular arts had instructors who studied one of these jujutsu derivatives and later made their own derivative succeed in competition. This created an extensive family of martial arts and sports that can trace their lineage to jujutsu in some part.

The way an opponent is dealt with also depends on the teacher’s philosophy with regard to combat. This translates also in different styles or schools of jujutsu. Because in jujutsu every conceivable technique is allowed (including biting, hair-pulling, eye-gouging, and striking the groin), there is unlimited choice of techniques. By contrast, judo emphasizes grappling and throwing, while karate emphasizes punching or kicking.

Not all jujutsu was used in sporting contests, but the practical use in the samurai world ended circa 1890. Techniques like hair-pulling and eye-poking were and are not considered acceptable in sport, thus, they are excluded from judo competitions or randori. However, Judo did preserve the more lethal, dangerous techniques in its kata. The kata were intended to be practiced by students of all grades but now are mostly practiced formally as complete set-routines for performance, kata competition, and grading, rather than as individual self-defense techniques in class. However, judo retained the full set of choking and strangling techniques for its sporting form and all manner of joint locks. Even judo’s pinning techniques have pain-generating, spine-and-rib-squeezing and smothering aspects. A submission induced by a legal pin is considered a legitimate win. Kano viewed the safe ‘contest’ aspect of judo as an important part of learning how to control an opponent’s body in a real fight. Kano always considered judo a form of, and a development of, jujutsu.

A judo technique starts with gripping your opponent, followed by off-balancing them and using their momentum against them, and then applying the technique. Kuzushi (the art of breaking balance) is also used in jujutsu, where the opponent’s attack is deflected using their momentum against them in order to arrest their movements then throw them or pin them with a technique— thus controlling the opponent. In both systems, Kuzushi is essential in order to use as little energy as possible. Jujutsu differs from judo in a number of ways. In some circumstances, judoka generate kuzushi by striking one’s opponent along his weak line. Other methods of generating kuzushi include grabbing, twisting, or poking areas of the body known as atemi points or pressure points (areas of the body where nerves are close to the skin – see kyusho-jitsu).

Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) was developed after Mitsuyo Maeda brought judo to Brazil in 1914. Maeda agreed to teach the art to Luiz França and Carlos Gracie, son of his friend, businessman and politician Gastão Gracie. Luiz França went on to teach it to Oswaldo Fadda. After Carlos learned the art from Maeda, he passed his knowledge to his brothers Oswaldo, Gastão Jr., and George. Meanwhile, Hélio Gracie would peek in and practice the techniques, although he was told he was too young to practice. At the time, judo was still commonly called Kano jiu-jitsu (from its founder Kanō Jigorō), which is why this derivative of judo is called Brazilian jiu-jitsu rather than Brazilian judo. Its emphasis shifted to ground grappling because the Gracie family thought it was more efficient and much more practical. Carlos and Helio helped the development by promoting fights (mostly against practitioners of other martial arts), competitions and experimenting throughout decades of intense training. BJJ dominated the first large modern mixed martial arts competitions,[citation needed] causing the emerging field to adopt many of its practices. Less-practiced stand-up techniques in Gracie Jiu Jitsu remain from its judo and jujutsu heritage (knife defense, gun defense, throws, blocking, striking etc.).

Sambo is a Russian martial art and sport derived from Japanese Judo and traditional Central Asian styles of folk wrestling. One of Sambo’s founders, Vasili Oschepkov, was one of the first foreigners to learn Judo in Japan and earned a second-degree black belt awarded by Kano Jigoro himself. Modern sports Sambo is similar to sport Judo or sport Brazilian jiu-jitsu, with differences including use of a jacket and shorts rather than a full keikogi, as well as a higher occurrence of leglocks.

After the transplantation of traditional Japanese jujutsu to the West, many of these more traditional styles underwent a process of adaptation at the hands of Western practitioners, molding the art of jujutsu to suit western culture in its myriad varieties. There are today many distinctly westernized styles of jujutsu, that stick to their Japanese roots to varying degrees.

Some of the largest post-reformation (founded post-1905) jujutsu schools include (but are certainly not limited to these in that there are hundreds (possibly thousands), of new branches of “jujutsu”):

There are many types of Sports Jujutsu. One version of Sports jujutsu is known as “JJIF Rules Sports Ju-Jitsu”, organized by Ju-Jitsu International Federation (JJIF), and has been recognized an official sport of the World Games how to use papain meat tenderizer.

Sport Jujutsu comes in three main variants: Duo (self-defense demonstration) where both the tori (attacker) and the uke (defender) come from the same team and demonstrate self-defense techniques. In this variant, there is a special system named Random Attacks, focusing on instilling quick reaction times against any given attack by defending and countering. The tori and the uke are also from the same team but here they don’t know what the attack will be, which is given to the uke by the judges, without the tori’s knowledge.

The second variant is the Fighting System (Freefighting) where competitors combine striking, grappling and submissions under rules which emphasise safety. Many of the potentially dangerous techniques such as scissor takedowns, necklocks and digital choking and locking are prohibited in Sport Jujutsu. There are a number of other styles of sport jujutsu with varying rules.

The third variant is the Japanese/Ne Waza (grappling) system in which competitors start standing up and work for a submission. Striking is not allowed.

Japanese culture and religion have become intertwined into the martial arts. Buddhism, Shinto, Taoism and Confucian philosophy co-exist in Japan, and people generally mix and match to suit. This reflects the variety of outlook one finds in the different schools.

Jujutsu expresses the philosophy of yielding to an opponent’s force rather than trying to oppose force with force. Manipulating an opponent’s attack using his force and direction allows jujutsuka to control the balance of their opponent and hence prevent the opponent from resisting the counterattack.

La Janda

La Janda ist eine spanische Comarca im Zentrum der Provinz Cádiz in Andalusien. Der Name weist ursprünglich auf die Lagune La Janda hin, welche sich über ein Gebiet nördlich von Tarifa erstreckt.

Die Comarca umfasst die Gemeinden Alcalá de los Gazules, Barbate, Benalup-Casas Viejas, Conil de la Frontera, Medina-Sidonia, Paterna de Rivera und Vejer de la Frontera.

La Janda grenzt im Norden an Campiña de Jerez, im Westen an die Bahía de Cádiz und an den atlantischen Ozean, im Süden an Campo de Gibraltar und im Osten an einem sehr kleinen Stück an Serranía de Ronda in der Provinz Málaga runners fuel belt.

Die Comarca ist bekannt für ihre fast endlosen Sandstrände in ausgezeichneter Qualität. Durch das Territorium fließt der Río Barbate 1l glass water bottle, der mit dem Celemínstausee die Region mit Wasser versorgt. Das Kap Trafalgar in der Gemeinde Barbate gilt als besonders eindrucksvoll Laune der Natur. Ein Großteil der Comarca liegt im Nationalpark Los Alcornocales mit den Sehenswürdigkeiten Cueva del Tajo de las Figuras und der Sierra del Aljibe.

Alcalá de los Gazules what is a meat tenderizer, Benalup-Casas Viejas, Conil de la Frontera, Medina-Sidonia, Paterna de Rivera bilden unter dem Dach von Chiclana de la Frontera, welches nicht zur Comarca gehört, den 1. Gerichtsbezirk der Provinz Cádiz, während Barbate zum 14. Gerichtsbezirk unter dem Dach von Vejer de la Frontera gehört.

Die Laguna La Janda ist ein wichtiges Naturgebiet, da sie als eine der wenigen noch bestehenden natürlichen Brutstätten des Waldrapps gilt.

Bahía de Cádiz | Campiña de Jerez | Campo de Gibraltar | Costa Noroeste de Cádiz | La Janda | Sierra de Cádiz

Same-sex marriage in Nova Scotia

Same-sex marriage in Nova Scotia began issuing marriage licences to same-sex couples immediately following a September 24, 2004 court ruling.

Prior to 2001, common-law couples, either opposite-sex or same-sex, were not able to adopt steel thermos bottles. However, in 2001 stainless steel water bottle for toddlers, the Nova Scotia Supreme Court concluded that the provision in the Adoption Act that prevented common-law couples from adopting were unconstitutional. The result been that common-law couples, either same-sex or opposite-sex, are now able to adopt children jointly.

Same-sex marriage in Nova Scotia dates from August 13, 2004, when three couples in Nova Scotia brought the suit Boutilier et al. v. Canada (A.G) and Nova Scotia (A.G) against the provincial and federal governments requesting that it issue same-sex marriage licences glass bottle design.

The partners who brought suit were:

The couples were represented by Halifax lawyer Sean Foreman of Wickwire Holm.

On September 24, 2004, Justice Heather Robertson of the Supreme Court ruled that banning such marriages was unconstitutional and ordered the province to recognize same-sex unions.

Neither the federal nor the provincial governments opposed the ruling, continuing the trend set with the Yukon and Manitoba rulings. The Nova Scotia justice minister said, “We certainly did not want to waste taxpayers’ money.” However, Premier John Hamm did not say whether he supports same-sex marriage.

An odd proviso to the post-ruling status was that, until a formal change of the provincial Solemnization of Marriage Act, the Minister of Justice still required the terms “husband and wife” to be used by Justices of the Peace in any wedding. This stance by the Justice Department was categorized by some as heterosexist. Shortly afterwards best meat mallet, following warnings of further legal action by the couples’ lawyer, the policy was changed to remove that requirement.

Zeng Qinghong (female)

Zeng Qinghong (Chinese: 曾庆红; born April 1962) is a female Chinese politician from Jiangxi province, serving since 2013 as the Head of the Organization Department of Chongqing

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. In the past, she had served as the mayor of Jiujiang, and the vice governor of Jiangxi.

Zeng was born in Xingguo County, Jiangxi Province. She graduated from Jiangxi University (now Nanchang University) with a degree in Marxist philosophy. She joined the Communist Party of China in July 1984. After graduating from university, she was sent to work for a grassroots Communist Youth League organization in Xinfeng County, Jiangxi. She then served in local party propaganda organizations teaching and disseminating party doctrine. She has served as the mayor of the cities of Pingxiang and Ji’an (both prefecture-level). In December 2008 she was named deputy party chief of Jiujiang, and was confirmed as mayor of Jiujiang on February 27, 2009 running pocket belt. In August 2011 she was named deputy Organization Department head of Jiangxi province, before being named vice governor of Jiangxi in January 2013 waterproof cover for phone.

In July 2013, she was transferred to Chongqing to become head of the Organization Department there best running belt for women. During her tenure in Chongqing, the city’s political scene experienced significant upheaval. In 2017, then Chongqing party chief Sun Zhengcai was removed from office. It was reported that Zeng was also placed under investigation in September 2017; television footage showed her missing from an important meeting of municipal leaders.

Zeng’s name is identical in pronunciation and in written characters as former Vice President and Politburo Standing Committee member Zeng Qinghong; the two are not known to be related, though they are both from Jiangxi province, and they shook hands on at least one occasion: when the female Zeng Qinghong was the mayor of Pingxiang.

Luc Fellay

Luc Fellay (* 16. Dezember 1947 in Montreux, Schweiz) ist ein Schweizer Korpskommandant und Special Advisor to the Director am Genfer Zentrum für Sicherheitspolitik (GCSP).

Fellay war nach dem Tiefbau-Studium an der ETH Zürich im zivilen Bereich als Ingenieur tätig, bevor er 1978 in das Instruktionskorps der Festungstruppen eintrat, wo er zunächst als Einheitsinstruktor in den Festungsschulen eingesetzt war.

Nach dem Besuch der italienischen Führungsakademie des Heeres (Scuola di Guerra water bottle tops for toddlers; heute: Centro per la Simulazione e la Validazione dell’Esercito) in Civitavecchia von 1990 bis 1991 war er ab 1992 Kommandant der Festungsoffiziersschule in Saint-Maurice, danach Kommandant der Festungsartillerie-Rekrutenschulen und Waffenplatzkommandant von Sion und ab dem 1. Januar 1996 einhergehend mit der Beförderung zum Brigadier Kommandant der Territorialbrigade 10.

2000 folgte die Verwendung als Kommandierender General der Territorialdivision 1 im Dienstgrad Divisionär und ab dem 1 tenderize meat without a mallet. Januar 2004 als Kommandant der Teilstreitkraft Heer der Schweizer Armee. Sein oberstes Ziel in dieser Position war es, das Schweizer Heer als glaubwürdige, effiziente Teilstreitkraft in eine leistungsorientierte Zukunft führen metal bottle, insbesondere die Effizienzsteigerung der Ausbildung, die Verankerung der Milizarmee im Land und in der Bevölkerung sowie kompetente Einsätze der Brigaden.

Nach knapp vier Jahren Amtszeit geriet Fellay in die Kritik des Eidgenössischen Departements für Verteidigung, Bevölkerungsschutz und Sport (VBS), insbesondere in die Kritik des Chefs der Schweizer Armee Christophe Keckeis, der ihm in seiner Veröffentlichung Die Zukunft der Schweizer Armee vorwarf, dass seiner Meinung nach der Kommandant des Heeres auch 2007 noch viel zu viele Direktunterstellte habe und das Heer so seiner Meinung nach nicht führbar sei. Er forderte ferner die Neuorganisation noch vor seiner eigenen Zurruhesetzung. Fellay trat darauf hin zum 31. Dezember 2007 von seinem Amt zurück; für die Nachfolge wurde Brigadier Dominique Andrey bestimmt. Bundesrat Samuel Schmid kommentierte im November 2007

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, dass Fellay das Heer in einer kritischen und entscheidenden Phase gestaltet habe und dass dabei entstandene Probleme aus seiner Sicht normal seien.

Seit Anfang 2008 ist Fellay in seiner jetzigen Funktion in beratender Funktion des GCSP-Leiters tätig. Seine Aufgaben umfassen die Konzeption und Durchführung zivil-militärischer Veranstaltungen, die federführende Mitwirkung beim Aufbau neuer sicherheitspolitischer Produkte, Module und Aktivitäten, die Vertretung des GCSP gegenüber Partnerorganisationen und bei Veranstaltungen im militärischen Bereich sowie die Förderung bestehender und neuer Partnerschaften.

Corona (copricapo)

La corona è un copricapo cerimoniale utilizzato in particolare dai monarchi. Il termine deriva dal greco κορονή (leggi koroné) e dal latino corona, col significato di “oggetto che circonda” (sottinteso “la testa”).

La corona di per sé è un copricapo di forma circolare, aperto sulla sommità oppure chiuso, che con la sua altezza eleva colui che la indossa sulle altre persone e ne rappresenta l’importanza. Per tale motivo esso è attributo tipico delle divinità, dei sacerdoti, dei sovrani (negli ordinamenti monarchici), dei supremi magistrati (in taluni ordinamenti repubblicani) e di chiunque si distingua per meriti militari, politici e civili. Per estensione il termine passa quindi spesso ad indicare l’ufficio stesso che a tali soggetti compete. Perciò, parlando di corona, è frequente che non si faccia riferimento fisicamente al copricapo, quanto al regno ed al potere da esso rappresentato. Analogamente a quanto accade per il trono e per lo scettro.

Se le prime corone, in Oriente furono costituite da rami di albero ripiegati, col trascorrere dei secoli, nell’area mediterranea, in Egitto sono state rinvenute corone di rami di foglie al capo di mummie faraoniche risalenti al 2000 a.C best water bottle for sports., mentre nelle necropoli etrusche e greche sono stati rintracciati modelli in oro e argento quick meat tenderizer. Nell’antica Grecia ad ogni divinità spettava una corona formata da una pianta particolare: se ad Atena era dedicato l’ulivo, a Zeus toccava la quercia.

In epoca romana, pur conservando parte della tradizione greca, la corona, in aggiunta, divenne simbolo di vittoria o simbolo di riconoscenza sociale: poteva essere costituita da un intreccio di foglie di ulivo, alloro o quercia, oppure come raffigurazione aurea di una città murata o raffigurare prue di navi. Veniva indossata dai soldati distintisi in battaglia, dai comandanti vittoriosi e dall’Imperator durante il trionfo, tra le quali si ricordano la rostrata e la castrensis.
La corona regale veniva al contrario aborrita dai romani sin dall’epoca della cacciata dei re, preferendogli, anche in epoca imperiale, il più sobrio diadema.
A partire da Nerone, gli imperatori indossarono la corona radiata, a raggiera, di origine orientale.

In epoca cristiana conservarono una certa importanza nell’ambito delle festività o come oggetti votivi, e sotto l’influsso dell’arte bizantina, assunsero motivi sempre più astratti.

Nel Medioevo intorno al VII secolo le corone dei re goti si arricchirono di pendenti preziosi, gemme, vetri e smalti e di catenelle sull’orlo. Sempre di questo periodo fu significativa la corona della regina Teodolinda, contraddistinta per una lamina di ferro al proprio interno, ricavata in base alla leggenda da un chiodo della Croce. Donata dalla regina al Duomo di Monza, venne utilizzata per incoronare i re d’Italia, da Ottone I a Napoleone I.

In epoca rinascimentale venne introdotta la corona araldica, atta a distinguere il grado di nobiltà oppure il valore acquisito.

Successivamente, la corona mutò la sua foggia a seconda del gusto e degli stili del tempo.

Doppia corona dell’Alto e Basso Egitto.

Corona di foggia bizantina (kamelaukion) di Costanza d’Aragona.

Corona di Santo Stefano di foggia bizantina usata dai re d’Ungheria.

Corona ferrea, antica corona del Sacro Romano Impero e del Regno d’Italia.

Tiara papale di papa Pio IX.

Corona dell’Impero austriaco.

Corona dell’Impero cinese della dinastia Ming.

Corona dell’Impero russo.

Corona imperiale di Stato del Regno Unito.

Corona della Persia.

Corona della Danimarca.

Corona ferrea, Corona del Sacro Romano Impero e del Regno d’Italia

Altri progetti

Oscar Fraentzel

Oscar Fraentzel (* 4. März 1838 in Meseritz, Ostbrandenburg; † 19. September 1894 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Mediziner und Hochschullehrer.

Oscar Fraentzel studierte in Berlin als Zögling des Friedrich-Wilhelm-Instituts für militärärztliche Ausbildung Medizin. 1856 wurde er dort Mitglied des Corps Neoborussia. Zu seinen akademischen Lehrern gehörte Ludwig Traube hydration for runners. 1860 wurde er zum Dr trail running waist pack. med promoviert. Von 1861 bis 1865 war er Militärarzt im Rheinland, an der russisch-polnischen Grenze sowie im Deutsch-Dänischen Krieg. Anschließend war er als Stabsarzt und praktischer Arzt tätig. Von 1867 bis 1869 war er Assistent von Ludwig Traube. Von 1869 bis 1873 leitete er die innere Station des Kaiserin-Augusta-Hospitals. 1870 wurde ihm noch die Leitung einer Nebenabteilung für kranke Männer an der Charité übertragen. Im gleichen Jahr habilitierte er sich. 1875 wurde er zum außerordentlichen Professor berufen und lehrte Auskultation, Perkussion, Laryngoskopie und Lungenkrankheiten. 1893 gab er gesundheitsbedingt seine Tätigkeit auf.

Fraentzel galt als geübter Diagnostiker. Er arbeitete über die Erkrankungen der Atmungs- und Zirkulationsorgane. Des Weiteren studierte er Fieberkrisen bei Rückfallfieber, die angeborene Enge des Blutgefäßsystems und die Überanstrengung des Herzens und forschte über die Behandlung der Tuberkulose mit Kreosot. Er entdeckte die die Ganglien umkleidenden Endothelien.

Oscar Fraentzel wurde der Titel eines Geheimen Medizinalrates verliehen.

Каптенармус

Каптена́рмус (фр.&nbsp

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;capitaine d’armes) — унтер-офицерский чин, воинское звание и воинская должность в ряде армий и флотов мира в прошлом и в настоящее время.

В Русской армии чин унтер-офицерский — ниже XIV класса в Табели о рангах: военнослужащий — обычно в роте (батарее jogging waist pack, эскадроне) — ведающий учётом, хранением и выдачей военного имущества: провианта, оружия, боеприпасов, обмундирования и военного снаряжения. В Русской армии существовал с конца XVII века по 1917 год, в Красной и Советской Армии — с 1918 года до конца 1950-х годов.

По статусу каптенармус относился к старшим унтер-офицерам. Он имел право наложения взысканий на нижние чины на правах старшего унтер-офицера, помощника командира взвода. В составе русского четырёхбатальонного пехотного полка начала XX века был 21 каптенармус — 17 ротных и 4 полковых (казначейский, квартермистрский, оружейный, пулемётной команды).

В XVII веке существовал аналог каптенармуса в английском флоте (Master-at-arms). Но к XVIII веку его обязанности изменились, а название осталось. Вместо снабжения он стал ведать дисциплиной и исполнением уставов среди нижних чинов. Одновременно он ведал местом заключения под стражу на корабле (brig).

Английский каптенармус послевоенного Королевского флота является приписанным к кораблю членом военной полиции.

Аналогичная должность с тем же названием была учреждена в XVIII веке в американском флоте. С 1980-х годов Master-at-Arms в ВМС США (флот и морская пехота) возглавляет административную боевую часть.